Đọc – Tiếng Anh 3 – EN28

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Đọc – Tiếng Anh 3 – EN28

Read the passage below and answer the questions.

CAUSTION HEALTH CENTER

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET

A Appointments

Please telephone 826969 (8.30am – 5.00pm: Mon – Fri). We suggest that you try to see the same doctor whenever possible because it is helpful for both you and your doctor to know each other well. We try hard to keep our appointments running to time, and ask you to be punctual to help us achieve this; if you cannot keep an appointment, please phone in and let us know as soon as possible so that it can be used for someone else. Please try to avoid evening appointments if possible. Each appointment is for one person only. Please ask for a longer appointment if you need more time.

B Weekends and Nights

Please telephone 823307 and a recorded message will give you the number of the doctor from the Centre on duty. Please remember this is in addition to our normal working day. Urgent calls only please. A Saturday morning emergency surgery is available between 9.30am and 10.00am. Please telephone for home visits before 10.00am at weekends.

C Centre Nurses

Liz Stuart, Martina Scott and Helen Stranger are available daily by appointment to help you with dressings, ear syringing, and children’s immunisations, removal of stitches and blood tests. They will also advise on foreign travel, and can administer various injections and blood pressure checks. For any over 75s unable to attend the clinic, Helen Stranger will make a home visit. All three Centre Nurses are available during normal working hours to carry out health checks on patients who have been on doctors’ lists for 3 years.

D New Patients

Within 3 months of registering with the Centre, new patients on regular medication are invited to attend a health check with their doctor. Other patients can arrange to be seen by one of the Centre Nurses.

E Services Not Covered

Some services are not covered by the Centre e.g. private certificates, insurance, driving and sports medicals, passport signatures, school medicals and prescriptions for foreign travel. There are recommended fees for these set by the National Medical Association. Please ask at reception.

F Receptionists

Our receptionists provide your primary point of contact – they are all very experienced and have a lot of basic information at their fingertips. They will be able to answer many of your initial queries and also act as a link with the rest of the team. They may request brief details of your symptoms or illness – this enables the doctors to assess the degree of urgency.

G Change of Address

Please remember to let us know if you decide to relocate. It is also useful for us to have a record of your telephone number

Question: If you want a repeat prescription you must make an appointment.

Question: Services of private certificates are covered by Caustion Health Centre.

Chọn một câu trả lời:

Read the passage below and answer the questions.

CAUSTION HEALTH CENTER

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET

A Appointments

Please telephone 826969 (8.30am – 5.00pm: Mon – Fri). We suggest that you try to see the same doctor whenever possible because it is helpful for both you and your doctor to know each other well. We try hard to keep our appointments running to time, and ask you to be punctual to help us achieve this; if you cannot keep an appointment, please phone in and let us know as soon as possible so that it can be used for someone else. Please try to avoid evening appointments if possible. Each appointment is for one person only. Please ask for a longer appointment if you need more time.

B Weekends and Nights

Please telephone 823307 and a recorded message will give you the number of the doctor from the Centre on duty. Please remember this is in addition to our normal working day. Urgent calls only please. A Saturday morning emergency surgery is available between 9.30am and 10.00am. Please telephone for home visits before 10.00am at weekends.

C Centre Nurses

Liz Stuart, Martina Scott and Helen Stranger are available daily by appointment to help you with dressings, ear syringing, and children’s immunisations, removal of stitches and blood tests. They will also advise on foreign travel, and can administer various injections and blood pressure checks. For any over 75s unable to attend the clinic, Helen Stranger will make a home visit. All three Centre Nurses are available during normal working hours to carry out health checks on patients who have been on doctors’ lists for 3 years.

D New Patients

Within 3 months of registering with the Centre, new patients on regular medication are invited to attend a health check with their doctor. Other patients can arrange to be seen by one of the Centre Nurses.

E Services Not Covered

Some services are not covered by the Centre e.g. private certificates, insurance, driving and sports medicals, passport signatures, school medicals and prescriptions for foreign travel. There are recommended fees for these set by the National Medical Association. Please ask at reception.

F Receptionists

Our receptionists provide your primary point of contact – they are all very experienced and have a lot of basic information at their fingertips. They will be able to answer many of your initial queries and also act as a link with the rest of the team. They may request brief details of your symptoms or illness – this enables the doctors to assess the degree of urgency.

G Change of Address

Please remember to let us know if you decide to relocate. It is also useful for us to have a record of your telephone number

Which section contains the following information?

…………. what to do if you need to cancel a doctor’s appointment

Read the passage below and answer the questions.

CAUSTION HEALTH CENTER

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET

A Appointments

Please telephone 826969 (8.30am – 5.00pm: Mon – Fri). We suggest that you try to see the same doctor whenever possible because it is helpful for both you and your doctor to know each other well. We try hard to keep our appointments running to time, and ask you to be punctual to help us achieve this; if you cannot keep an appointment, please phone in and let us know as soon as possible so that it can be used for someone else. Please try to avoid evening appointments if possible. Each appointment is for one person only. Please ask for a longer appointment if you need more time.

B Weekends and Nights

Please telephone 823307 and a recorded message will give you the number of the doctor from the Centre on duty. Please remember this is in addition to our normal working day. Urgent calls only please. A Saturday morning emergency surgery is available between 9.30am and 10.00am. Please telephone for home visits before 10.00am at weekends.

C Centre Nurses

Liz Stuart, Martina Scott and Helen Stranger are available daily by appointment to help you with dressings, ear syringing, and children’s immunisations, removal of stitches and blood tests. They will also advise on foreign travel, and can administer various injections and blood pressure checks. For any over 75s unable to attend the clinic, Helen Stranger will make a home visit. All three Centre Nurses are available during normal working hours to carry out health checks on patients who have been on doctors’ lists for 3 years.

D New Patients

Within 3 months of registering with the Centre, new patients on regular medication are invited to attend a health check with their doctor. Other patients can arrange to be seen by one of the Centre Nurses.

E Services Not Covered

Some services are not covered by the Centre e.g. private certificates, insurance, driving and sports medicals, passport signatures, school medicals and prescriptions for foreign travel. There are recommended fees for these set by the National Medical Association. Please ask at reception.

F Receptionists

Our receptionists provide your primary point of contact – they are all very experienced and have a lot of basic information at their fingertips. They will be able to answer many of your initial queries and also act as a link with the rest of the team. They may request brief details of your symptoms or illness – this enables the doctors to assess the degree of urgency.

G Change of Address

Please remember to let us know if you decide to relocate. It is also useful for us to have a record of your telephone number

Which section contains the following information?

…………. what happens when you register with the Centre

Read the passage below and answer the questions.

CAUSTION HEALTH CENTER

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET

A Appointments

Please telephone 826969 (8.30am – 5.00pm: Mon – Fri). We suggest that you try to see the same doctor whenever possible because it is helpful for both you and your doctor to know each other well. We try hard to keep our appointments running to time, and ask you to be punctual to help us achieve this; if you cannot keep an appointment, please phone in and let us know as soon as possible so that it can be used for someone else. Please try to avoid evening appointments if possible. Each appointment is for one person only. Please ask for a longer appointment if you need more time.

B Weekends and Nights

Please telephone 823307 and a recorded message will give you the number of the doctor from the Centre on duty. Please remember this is in addition to our normal working day. Urgent calls only please. A Saturday morning emergency surgery is available between 9.30am and 10.00am. Please telephone for home visits before 10.00am at weekends.

C Centre Nurses

Liz Stuart, Martina Scott and Helen Stranger are available daily by appointment to help you with dressings, ear syringing, and children’s immunisations, removal of stitches and blood tests. They will also advise on foreign travel, and can administer various injections and blood pressure checks. For any over 75s unable to attend the clinic, Helen Stranger will make a home visit. All three Centre Nurses are available during normal working hours to carry out health checks on patients who have been on doctors’ lists for 3 years.

D New Patients

Within 3 months of registering with the Centre, new patients on regular medication are invited to attend a health check with their doctor. Other patients can arrange to be seen by one of the Centre Nurses.

E Services Not Covered

Some services are not covered by the Centre e.g. private certificates, insurance, driving and sports medicals, passport signatures, school medicals and prescriptions for foreign travel. There are recommended fees for these set by the National Medical Association. Please ask at reception.

F Receptionists

Our receptionists provide your primary point of contact – they are all very experienced and have a lot of basic information at their fingertips. They will be able to answer many of your initial queries and also act as a link with the rest of the team. They may request brief details of your symptoms or illness – this enables the doctors to assess the degree of urgency.

G Change of Address

Please remember to let us know if you decide to relocate. It is also useful for us to have a record of your telephone number.

Which section contains the following information?

…………. what to do if you need help outside normal working hours

Question: You must always see the same doctor if you visit the Centre.
Question: It is possible that receptionists will ask you to explain your problem.
Read the text and choose the most suitable word to fill the blank.

Dogs are either optimists or pessimists, claim scientists

Scientists have confirmed what many pet owners have long suspected: some dogs have a more gloomy outlook on life than others. The unusual insight into canine psychology emerged from a study by Bristol University researchers into how dogs behave when separated from their owners. Dogs that were generally calm when left alone were also found to have a “dog bowl half full” attitude to life, while those that barked, relieved themselves and destroyed furniture appeared to be more pessimistic, the study concluded.

Michael Mendl, head of animal welfare and behaviour at the university, said the more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more gloomy its outlook appeared to be. The findings suggest that the trouble caused by some dogs when they are left alone may reflect deeper emotional problems that could be treated with behavioural therapy.

“Owners vary in how they perceive this kind of anxious behaviour in dogs. Some are very concerned, some relinquish the dog to a refuge, but others think the dog is happy or even being intentionally spiteful,” said Mendl. “At least some of these dogs may have emotional issues and we would encourage owners to talk to their vets about potential treatments,” he added. Of the ten million pet dogs in the UK, around half may show separation anxiety at some stage, the researchers said.

Mendl’s team studied 24 animals at two dog homes in the UK. Half of the dogs were male and they were various breeds, including Staffordshire bull terriers, golden retrievers and collies. They ranged from nine months to nine years old. Researchers began the study by going to a room with each dog in turn and playing for 20 minutes. They returned the next day, but this time left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera. The footage was used to give each dog an anxiety score.

A day or two later, the dogs were trained to walk over to a food bowl that was full when placed at one end of a room and empty when placed at the other. When the dogs had learned the difference, the scientists tested the animals’ underlying mood by placing bowls in ambiguous positions – in the middle of the room, for example – and noting how quickly each dog went to the bowl.

The dogs that had been most anxious in the earlier test were slowest to approach food bowls placed in or near the middle of the room, suggesting they expected to find the bowl empty. The less anxious dogs ran to the food bowls, implying they were more optimistic, according to a report in Current Biology.

“We know that people’s emotional states affect their judgements and that happy people are more likely to judge an ambiguous situation positively,” Mendl said. “What our study has shown is that this applies similarly to dogs – that a glass-half-full dog is less likely to be anxious when left alone than one with a more pessimistic nature.” Samantha Gaines, deputy head of the companion animals department at the RSPCA, said: “Some dogs may be more prone to develop these behaviours and should be re-homed with appropriate owners.”

Question: The more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more ———- its outlook appeared to be.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. Happy
b. Optimistic
c. Glad
d. Gloomy

Read the text and choose the most suitable word to fill the blank.

Dogs are either optimists or pessimists, claim scientists

Scientists have confirmed what many pet owners have long suspected: some dogs have a more gloomy outlook on life than others. The unusual insight into canine psychology emerged from a study by Bristol University researchers into how dogs behave when separated from their owners. Dogs that were generally calm when left alone were also found to have a “dog bowl half full” attitude to life, while those that barked, relieved themselves and destroyed furniture appeared to be more pessimistic, the study concluded.

Michael Mendl, head of animal welfare and behaviour at the university, said the more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more gloomy its outlook appeared to be. The findings suggest that the trouble caused by some dogs when they are left alone may reflect deeper emotional problems that could be treated with behavioural therapy.

“Owners vary in how they perceive this kind of anxious behaviour in dogs. Some are very concerned, some relinquish the dog to a refuge, but others think the dog is happy or even being intentionally spiteful,” said Mendl. “At least some of these dogs may have emotional issues and we would encourage owners to talk to their vets about potential treatments,” he added. Of the ten million pet dogs in the UK, around half may show separation anxiety at some stage, the researchers said.

Mendl’s team studied 24 animals at two dog homes in the UK. Half of the dogs were male and they were various breeds, including Staffordshire bull terriers, golden retrievers and collies. They ranged from nine months to nine years old. Researchers began the study by going to a room with each dog in turn and playing for 20 minutes. They returned the next day, but this time left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera. The footage was used to give each dog an anxiety score.

A day or two later, the dogs were trained to walk over to a food bowl that was full when placed at one end of a room and empty when placed at the other. When the dogs had learned the difference, the scientists tested the animals’ underlying mood by placing bowls in ambiguous positions – in the middle of the room, for example – and noting how quickly each dog went to the bowl.

The dogs that had been most anxious in the earlier test were slowest to approach food bowls placed in or near the middle of the room, suggesting they expected to find the bowl empty. The less anxious dogs ran to the food bowls, implying they were more optimistic, according to a report in Current Biology.

“We know that people’s emotional states affect their judgements and that happy people are more likely to judge an ambiguous situation positively,” Mendl said. “What our study has shown is that this applies similarly to dogs – that a glass-half-full dog is less likely to be anxious when left alone than one with a more pessimistic nature.” Samantha Gaines, deputy head of the companion animals department at the RSPCA, said: “Some dogs may be more prone to develop these behaviours and should be re-homed with appropriate owners.”

Question: Which of these dogs are more likely to be optimistic, according to the study?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. ones that relieved themselves
b. ones that bark when left alone
c. ones that destroy furniture when left alone
d. ones that remain calm when left alone Câu trả lời đúng

Read the text and choose the most suitable word to fill the blank.

Dogs are either optimists or pessimists, claim scientists

Scientists have confirmed what many pet owners have long suspected: some dogs have a more gloomy outlook on life than others. The unusual insight into canine psychology emerged from a study by Bristol University researchers into how dogs behave when separated from their owners. Dogs that were generally calm when left alone were also found to have a “dog bowl half full” attitude to life, while those that barked, relieved themselves and destroyed furniture appeared to be more pessimistic, the study concluded.

Michael Mendl, head of animal welfare and behaviour at the university, said the more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more gloomy its outlook appeared to be. The findings suggest that the trouble caused by some dogs when they are left alone may reflect deeper emotional problems that could be treated with behavioural therapy.

“Owners vary in how they perceive this kind of anxious behaviour in dogs. Some are very concerned, some relinquish the dog to a refuge, but others think the dog is happy or even being intentionally spiteful,” said Mendl. “At least some of these dogs may have emotional issues and we would encourage owners to talk to their vets about potential treatments,” he added. Of the ten million pet dogs in the UK, around half may show separation anxiety at some stage, the researchers said.

Mendl’s team studied 24 animals at two dog homes in the UK. Half of the dogs were male and they were various breeds, including Staffordshire bull terriers, golden retrievers and collies. They ranged from nine months to nine years old. Researchers began the study by going to a room with each dog in turn and playing for 20 minutes. They returned the next day, but this time left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera. The footage was used to give each dog an anxiety score.

A day or two later, the dogs were trained to walk over to a food bowl that was full when placed at one end of a room and empty when placed at the other. When the dogs had learned the difference, the scientists tested the animals’ underlying mood by placing bowls in ambiguous positions – in the middle of the room, for example – and noting how quickly each dog went to the bowl.

The dogs that had been most anxious in the earlier test were slowest to approach food bowls placed in or near the middle of the room, suggesting they expected to find the bowl empty. The less anxious dogs ran to the food bowls, implying they were more optimistic, according to a report in Current Biology.

“We know that people’s emotional states affect their judgements and that happy people are more likely to judge an ambiguous situation positively,” Mendl said. “What our study has shown is that this applies similarly to dogs – that a glass-half-full dog is less likely to be anxious when left alone than one with a more pessimistic nature.” Samantha Gaines, deputy head of the companion animals department at the RSPCA, said: “Some dogs may be more prone to develop these behaviours and should be re-homed with appropriate owners.”

Question: How do owners respond to anxious behaviour in dogs?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. They think the dog is being intentionally spiteful.
b. They take the dog to a refuge.
c. They ignore the dog.
d. They react in different ways.

Read the text and choose the most suitable word to fill the blank.

Dogs are either optimists or pessimists, claim scientists

Scientists have confirmed what many pet owners have long suspected: some dogs have a more gloomy outlook on life than others. The unusual insight into canine psychology emerged from a study by Bristol University researchers into how dogs behave when separated from their owners. Dogs that were generally calm when left alone were also found to have a “dog bowl half full” attitude to life, while those that barked, relieved themselves and destroyed furniture appeared to be more pessimistic, the study concluded.

Michael Mendl, head of animal welfare and behaviour at the university, said the more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more gloomy its outlook appeared to be. The findings suggest that the trouble caused by some dogs when they are left alone may reflect deeper emotional problems that could be treated with behavioural therapy.

“Owners vary in how they perceive this kind of anxious behaviour in dogs. Some are very concerned, some relinquish the dog to a refuge, but others think the dog is happy or even being intentionally spiteful,” said Mendl. “At least some of these dogs may have emotional issues and we would encourage owners to talk to their vets about potential treatments,” he added. Of the ten million pet dogs in the UK, around half may show separation anxiety at some stage, the researchers said.

Mendl’s team studied 24 animals at two dog homes in the UK. Half of the dogs were male and they were various breeds, including Staffordshire bull terriers, golden retrievers and collies. They ranged from nine months to nine years old. Researchers began the study by going to a room with each dog in turn and playing for 20 minutes. They returned the next day, but this time left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera. The footage was used to give each dog an anxiety score.

A day or two later, the dogs were trained to walk over to a food bowl that was full when placed at one end of a room and empty when placed at the other. When the dogs had learned the difference, the scientists tested the animals’ underlying mood by placing bowls in ambiguous positions – in the middle of the room, for example – and noting how quickly each dog went to the bowl.

The dogs that had been most anxious in the earlier test were slowest to approach food bowls placed in or near the middle of the room, suggesting they expected to find the bowl empty. The less anxious dogs ran to the food bowls, implying they were more optimistic, according to a report in Current Biology.

“We know that people’s emotional states affect their judgements and that happy people are more likely to judge an ambiguous situation positively,” Mendl said. “What our study has shown is that this applies similarly to dogs – that a glass-half-full dog is less likely to be anxious when left alone than one with a more pessimistic nature.” Samantha Gaines, deputy head of the companion animals department at the RSPCA, said: “Some dogs may be more prone to develop these behaviours and should be re-homed with appropriate owners.”

Question: When did the researchers video the dogs?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. when the dogs were left alone for twenty minutes
b. while they were playing with them
c. when the dogs were left alone for five minutes Câu trả lời đúng
d. when the dogs were walking over to the food bowls
Phản hồi
Đáp án đúng là: when the dogs were left alone for five minutes

Vì:”left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera.”

Read the text and choose the most suitable word to fill the blank.

Dogs are either optimists or pessimists, claim scientists

Scientists have confirmed what many pet owners have long suspected: some dogs have a more gloomy outlook on life than others. The unusual insight into canine psychology emerged from a study by Bristol University researchers into how dogs behave when separated from their owners. Dogs that were generally calm when left alone were also found to have a “dog bowl half full” attitude to life, while those that barked, relieved themselves and destroyed furniture appeared to be more pessimistic, the study concluded.

Michael Mendl, head of animal welfare and behaviour at the university, said the more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more gloomy its outlook appeared to be. The findings suggest that the trouble caused by some dogs when they are left alone may reflect deeper emotional problems that could be treated with behavioural therapy.

“Owners vary in how they perceive this kind of anxious behaviour in dogs. Some are very concerned, some relinquish the dog to a refuge, but others think the dog is happy or even being intentionally spiteful,” said Mendl. “At least some of these dogs may have emotional issues and we would encourage owners to talk to their vets about potential treatments,” he added. Of the ten million pet dogs in the UK, around half may show separation anxiety at some stage, the researchers said.

Mendl’s team studied 24 animals at two dog homes in the UK. Half of the dogs were male and they were various breeds, including Staffordshire bull terriers, golden retrievers and collies. They ranged from nine months to nine years old. Researchers began the study by going to a room with each dog in turn and playing for 20 minutes. They returned the next day, but this time left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera. The footage was used to give each dog an anxiety score.

A day or two later, the dogs were trained to walk over to a food bowl that was full when placed at one end of a room and empty when placed at the other. When the dogs had learned the difference, the scientists tested the animals’ underlying mood by placing bowls in ambiguous positions – in the middle of the room, for example – and noting how quickly each dog went to the bowl.

The dogs that had been most anxious in the earlier test were slowest to approach food bowls placed in or near the middle of the room, suggesting they expected to find the bowl empty. The less anxious dogs ran to the food bowls, implying they were more optimistic, according to a report in Current Biology.

“We know that people’s emotional states affect their judgements and that happy people are more likely to judge an ambiguous situation positively,” Mendl said. “What our study has shown is that this applies similarly to dogs – that a glass-half-full dog is less likely to be anxious when left alone than one with a more pessimistic nature.” Samantha Gaines, deputy head of the companion animals department at the RSPCA, said: “Some dogs may be more prone to develop these behaviours and should be re-homed with appropriate owners.”

Question: Film of a particular subject or event _________________________.

Chọn một câu trả lời:

. ambiguous
Read the text and choose the most suitable word to fill the blank.

Dogs are either optimists or pessimists, claim scientists

Scientists have confirmed what many pet owners have long suspected: some dogs have a more gloomy outlook on life than others. The unusual insight into canine psychology emerged from a study by Bristol University researchers into how dogs behave when separated from their owners. Dogs that were generally calm when left alone were also found to have a “dog bowl half full” attitude to life, while those that barked, relieved themselves and destroyed furniture appeared to be more pessimistic, the study concluded.

Michael Mendl, head of animal welfare and behaviour at the university, said the more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more gloomy its outlook appeared to be. The findings suggest that the trouble caused by some dogs when they are left alone may reflect deeper emotional problems that could be treated with behavioural therapy.

“Owners vary in how they perceive this kind of anxious behaviour in dogs. Some are very concerned, some relinquish the dog to a refuge, but others think the dog is happy or even being intentionally spiteful,” said Mendl. “At least some of these dogs may have emotional issues and we would encourage owners to talk to their vets about potential treatments,” he added. Of the ten million pet dogs in the UK, around half may show separation anxiety at some stage, the researchers said.

Mendl’s team studied 24 animals at two dog homes in the UK. Half of the dogs were male and they were various breeds, including Staffordshire bull terriers, golden retrievers and collies. They ranged from nine months to nine years old. Researchers began the study by going to a room with each dog in turn and playing for 20 minutes. They returned the next day, but this time left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera. The footage was used to give each dog an anxiety score.

A day or two later, the dogs were trained to walk over to a food bowl that was full when placed at one end of a room and empty when placed at the other. When the dogs had learned the difference, the scientists tested the animals’ underlying mood by placing bowls in ambiguous positions – in the middle of the room, for example – and noting how quickly each dog went to the bowl.

The dogs that had been most anxious in the earlier test were slowest to approach food bowls placed in or near the middle of the room, suggesting they expected to find the bowl empty. The less anxious dogs ran to the food bowls, implying they were more optimistic, according to a report in Current Biology.

“We know that people’s emotional states affect their judgements and that happy people are more likely to judge an ambiguous situation positively,” Mendl said. “What our study has shown is that this applies similarly to dogs – that a glass-half-full dog is less likely to be anxious when left alone than one with a more pessimistic nature.” Samantha Gaines, deputy head of the companion animals department at the RSPCA, said: “Some dogs may be more prone to develop these behaviours and should be re-homed with appropriate owners.”

Question: If something is described as _________________________, it is not clear or it is capable of being understood in more than one way.

concerned

Vì: trong ngữ cảnh này concerned =worried

Read the text and choose the most suitable word to fill the blank.

Dogs are either optimists or pessimists, claim scientists

Scientists have confirmed what many pet owners have long suspected: some dogs have a more gloomy outlook on life than others. The unusual insight into canine psychology emerged from a study by Bristol University researchers into how dogs behave when separated from their owners. Dogs that were generally calm when left alone were also found to have a “dog bowl half full” attitude to life, while those that barked, relieved themselves and destroyed furniture appeared to be more pessimistic, the study concluded.

Michael Mendl, head of animal welfare and behaviour at the university, said the more anxiously a dog behaved on being parted from its owner, the more gloomy its outlook appeared to be. The findings suggest that the trouble caused by some dogs when they are left alone may reflect deeper emotional problems that could be treated with behavioural therapy.

“Owners vary in how they perceive this kind of anxious behaviour in dogs. Some are very concerned, some relinquish the dog to a refuge, but others think the dog is happy or even being intentionally spiteful,” said Mendl. “At least some of these dogs may have emotional issues and we would encourage owners to talk to their vets about potential treatments,” he added. Of the ten million pet dogs in the UK, around half may show separation anxiety at some stage, the researchers said.

Mendl’s team studied 24 animals at two dog homes in the UK. Half of the dogs were male and they were various breeds, including Staffordshire bull terriers, golden retrievers and collies. They ranged from nine months to nine years old. Researchers began the study by going to a room with each dog in turn and playing for 20 minutes. They returned the next day, but this time left the dog alone for five minutes, during which the scientists recorded the animal’s behaviour with a video camera. The footage was used to give each dog an anxiety score.

A day or two later, the dogs were trained to walk over to a food bowl that was full when placed at one end of a room and empty when placed at the other. When the dogs had learned the difference, the scientists tested the animals’ underlying mood by placing bowls in ambiguous positions – in the middle of the room, for example – and noting how quickly each dog went to the bowl.

The dogs that had been most anxious in the earlier test were slowest to approach food bowls placed in or near the middle of the room, suggesting they expected to find the bowl empty. The less anxious dogs ran to the food bowls, implying they were more optimistic, according to a report in Current Biology.

“We know that people’s emotional states affect their judgements and that happy people are more likely to judge an ambiguous situation positively,” Mendl said. “What our study has shown is that this applies similarly to dogs – that a glass-half-full dog is less likely to be anxious when left alone than one with a more pessimistic nature.” Samantha Gaines, deputy head of the companion animals department at the RSPCA, said: “Some dogs may be more prone to develop these behaviours and should be re-homed with appropriate owners.”

Question: If you feel _________________________, you are worried about something.

Question: Which dogs were slowest to approach the food bowls?
Read the article and choose the correct answer, A, B, C or D.

According to airline industry statistics, almost 90 percent of airline accidents are survivable or partially survivable. But passengers can increase their chances of survival by learning and following certain tips. Experts say that you should read and listen to safety instructions before takeoff and ask questions if you have uncertainties. You should fasten your seat-belt low on your hips and as tightly as possible. Of course, you should also know how the release mechanism of your belt operates. During takeoffs and landings, you are advised to keep your feet flat on the floor. Before takeoff you should locate the nearest exit and an alterative exit and count the rows of seats between you and the exits so that you can find them in the dark if necessary.

In the event that you are forewarned of a possible accident, you should put your hands on your ankles and keep your head down until the plane comes to a complete stop. If smoke is present in the cabin, you should keep your head low and cover your face with napkins, towels, or clothing. If possible, wet these for added protection against smoke inhalation. To evacuate as quickly as possible, follow crew commands and do not take personal belongings with you. Do not jump on escape slides before they are fully inflated, and when you jump, do so with your arms and legs extended in front of you. When you get to the ground, you should move away from the plane as quickly as possible, and never smoke near the wreckage.

Choose the best answer.

According to the passage, airline travelers should keep their feet flat on the floor…………..

No fee
Read the article and choose the correct answer, A, B, C or D.

Bramley College now has full electronic information resources in the College Library to help you in your studies. On CD-ROM in the library we have about fifty databases, including many statistical sources. Want to know the average rainfall in Tokyo or the biggest export earner of Vanuatu? It’s easy to find out. Whether you are in the School of Business or the School of Art Design, it’s all here for you.

You can conduct your own CD-ROM search for no charge, and you can print out your results on the library printers using your library photocopying card. Alternatively, you can download your results to disk, again for no charge, but bring your own formatted floppy disk or CD-ROM. If you are not sure how to conduct a search for yourself, library staff can do it for you, but we charge $20 for this service, no matter how long or how short a time it takes.

All library workstations have broadband access to the Internet, so you can find the web-based information you need quickly and easily. If you are unfamiliar with using the Internet, help is available in several ways. You can start with the online tutorial Netstart; just click on the Netstart icon the Main Menu. The tutorial will take you through the basic steps to using the Internet, any time convenient to you. If you prefer, ask one of the librarians for internet advice (best at quiet times between 9.00am and 11.30 am weekdays) or attend one of the introductory group sessions that are held in the first two weeks of each term. Sign your name on the list on the library Bulletin Board to guarantee a place, as they are very popular.

A word of warning: demand for access to library workstations is very high, so you are strongly advised to book a workstation, and we have to limit your use to a maximum of one hour at any one time. Make your booking (for which you will receive a receipt) at the Information Desk at the enquiry desks in the Media Services Area (Level 1). Also, use of the computers is limited to Bramley students only, so you may be asked to produce your Student Identification Card to make a booking, or while using the workstations.

To copy search results to a floppy disk, students pay…

a photocopying card.
Read the article and choose the correct answer, A, B, C or D.

Bramley College now has full electronic information resources in the College Library to help you in your studies. On CD-ROM in the library we have about fifty databases, including many statistical sources. Want to know the average rainfall in Tokyo or the biggest export earner of Vanuatu? It’s easy to find out. Whether you are in the School of Business or the School of Art Design, it’s all here for you.

You can conduct your own CD-ROM search for no charge, and you can print out your results on the library printers using your library photocopying card. Alternatively, you can download your results to disk, again for no charge, but bring your own formatted floppy disk or CD-ROM. If you are not sure how to conduct a search for yourself, library staff can do it for you, but we charge $20 for this service, no matter how long or how short a time it takes.

All library workstations have broadband access to the Internet, so you can find the web-based information you need quickly and easily. If you are unfamiliar with using the Internet, help is available in several ways. You can start with the online tutorial Netstart; just click on the Netstart icon the Main Menu. The tutorial will take you through the basic steps to using the Internet, any time convenient to you. If you prefer, ask one of the librarians for internet advice (best at quiet times between 9.00am and 11.30 am weekdays) or attend one of the introductory group sessions that are held in the first two weeks of each term. Sign your name on the list on the library Bulletin Board to guarantee a place, as they are very popular.

A word of warning: demand for access to library workstations is very high, so you are strongly advised to book a workstation, and we have to limit your use to a maximum of one hour at any one time. Make your booking (for which you will receive a receipt) at the Information Desk at the enquiry desks in the Media Services Area (Level 1). Also, use of the computers is limited to Bramley students only, so you may be asked to produce your Student Identification Card to make a booking, or while using the workstations.

To use the library printers, students must have…

Travelers are urged by experts to read and listen to safety instructions ……………
What is the main topic of the passage?
If library staff search for information on CD-ROM, students pay
Students can learn to use the Internet…
It can be inferred from the passage that people are more likely to survive fires in aircrafts if they…
Question: You should give the Health Centre your new contact details if you move house.
Question: The unusual insight into canine psychology …………from a study by Bristol University researchers.
The problem with heart transplants has been that…
The author says that monkeys….
Technology and technics are the keys to solve Western people’s problems…
According to the passage, which exits should an airline passenger locate before takeoff?
What is the meaning of the word “hazardous”?
What would the next paragraph to follow the passage probably be about?
Which is the best title for the passage ?
You can……… a site to promote your club, your institution, your company’s products or simply yourself.

 

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