Ngữ pháp lý thuyết – EN13

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Ngữ pháp lý thuyết – EN13

Any language unit that functions as a noun is called …………… .

a. adjective
b. relative
c. adverbial
d. nominal Câu trả lời đúng

n modern concepts, grammar may be defined as a set of morphological and……………….. rules.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. syntactic Câu trả lời đúng
b. semantic

c. lexical
d. phonetic

When the V- element requires no ………………… for the sentence to exist, it is intransitive.

a. modification
b. complementation Câu trả lời đúng
c. predication
d. object

English Noun has no category of …………. .

a. gender
b. case
c. number
d. tense Câu trả lời đúng

A noun phrase which contains modifier(s) belonging to open- class of word is classified as a ………….one.

a. basic
b. compound
c. simple
d. complex Câu trả lời đúng

In a noun phrase the determiner normally………….. the head noun.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. forms
b. goes with
c. follows
d. precedes Câu trả lời đúng

Very often, prepositional phrases can be found functioning as …………. in English sentence.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. subject
b. object
c. appositive
d. adverbial Câu trả lời đúng

In terms of syntactic function, adjectives can be classified as central, attributive and …………………

a. premodifier
b. predicative Câu trả lời đúng
c. relative
d. postmodifier

The main syntactic function of adjective phrase is …………….

a. adverbial
b. modifier Câu trả lời đúng
c. subject
d. object complement

The main function of an adverb in a sentence is……………….

a. complement
b. adverbial Câu trả lời đúng
c. premodifier
d. post modifier

Adjectives such as alive, asleep, afraid etc. can function ………………only.

a. relatively
b. structurally
c. attributively
d. predicatively Câu trả lời đúng

Bài 2: Clauses

The difference between a finite and non- finite clause is that there is no ……………………… of any kind in a non – finite clause.

a. subject
b. complement
c. S-V concord Câu trả lời đúng

d. object

There were the cakes, burnt to a cinder.

a. finite clause
b. simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
c. complex finite verb phrase
d. simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to) Câu trả lời đúng

The plan is for us all to meet outside at eight.

a. C of S Câu trả lời đúng
b. A
c. Co
d. Od

If a …………………….can exist on its own it is referred to as a simple sentence.

a. phrase
b. word group
c. clause Câu trả lời đúng
d. word

To speak in public for the first time can be a terrifying experience.

a. S Câu trả lời đúng
b. Cs
c. Apposition of S
d. A

I thoroughly enjoyed meeting June again.

a. complex non-finite verb phrase
b. finite clause
c. simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
d. non finite clause Câu trả lời đúng

I never imagined that such a thing could happen.

a. simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
b. complex finite verb phrase
c. finite clause Câu trả lời đúng
d. simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase

Who has given a vivid account of it.

a. simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
b. complex finite verb phrase Câu trả lời đúng
c. simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
d. finite clause

…………………., clauses are classified as either finite or non- finite.

a. functionally
b. semantically

c. syntactically
d. structurally Câu trả lời đúng

I promise you not to be late.

a. Od u trả lời đúng
b. Co
c. A
d. Oi

If it is integrated within the sentence structure modifying the V- element, the adverbial is classified as……………….. .

a. modifier
b. conjunct
c. adjunct Câu trả lời đúng
d. disjunct

I expect everyone to be punctual this evening.

a. A
b. Oi
c. postmodifier
d. Od Câu trả lời đúng

For Osbert to appear in public at such a time was rather courageous.

a. A
b. S Câu trả lời đúng
c. Cs
d. apposition of S

The plan for us all to meet outside was absurd.

a. A
b. in apposition to S Câu trả lời đúng
c. Postmodifier
d. Cs

The strange thing is that we never heard of him again.

a. simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
b. finite clause Câu trả lời đúng
c. simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
d. complex finite verb phrase

In a finite clause there is a ……………… of some kind between the Subject and the Verb element.

a. link
b. gap
c. concord Câu trả lời đúng

d. difference

A non -finite clause …………………. goes with the subject of its own.

a. always
b. never
c. somtimes Câu trả lời đúng

d. often

 Bài 3: Sentences general outlooks

Among five sentence elements, adverbial is ………………….. optional.

a. never
b. often Câu trả lời đúng
c. always
d. sometimes

You may call that man whatever you like.

a. modifier
b. adverbial
c. complement Câu trả lời đúng
d. object

If an adjective takes place right after the intensive V- element as an obligatory sentence element, it functions as ……………in the sentence .

a. postmodifier
b. modifier
c. adverbial
d. subject complement Câu trả lời đúng

What you have said is true.

a. subject Câu trả lời đúng
b. adverbial
c. object
d. complement

Only by hard working now will we make socially-useful workers in the future.

a. SVO
b. SVOC
c. SVC Câu trả lời đúng
d. SVOA

You may ask your teacher whatever you are not sure whenever you see him.

a. SVOO Câu trả lời đúng
b. SVOA
c. SVO
d. SVC

……………………., a sentence may be simple, compound or complex.

a. syntactically
b. semantically
c. grammatically
d. structurally Câu trả lời đúng

When he came I was sleeping.

a. SVC
b. SVO
c. SV Câu trả lời đúng
d. SVA

Even we can not go without money, man matter most.

a. SVC
b. SVO
c. SV Câu trả lời đúng
d. SVA

The question, how I can do it, doesn’t matter much.

a. complement
b. adverbial
c. modifier
d. appositive Câu trả lời đúng

He told everyone to stay at home when he left.

a. SVO
b. SVOC
c. SVOO Câu trả lời đúng
d. SVOA

You may ask the man whatever you like.

a. modifier
b. adverbial
c. object Câu trả lời đúng
d. complement

To my surprise, all my friend left so early.

a. complement
b. adjunct
c. disjunct Câu trả lời đúng
d. object

No doubt, the accident happened because he drove carelessly.

a. SVA
b. SV Câu trả lời đúng
c. SVO
d. SVC

There is some mistake in what you have said.

a. adverbial
b. modifier
c. object
d. complement Câu trả lời đúng

He always thinks his friends good enough to share any confidential talk.

a. SVOA
b. SVO
c. SVA
d. SVOC Câu trả lời đúng

We wanted the visitor to stay with us.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. adverbial
b. object (sai)
c. modifier (sai)
d. complement

 Bài 4: Coordination and Subordination

Speciation, …………., results when an animal population becomes isolated by some factor, usually geographic.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. the formation of biological species Câu trả lời đúng
b. biological species are formed
c. which forming biological species
d. form biological species

Carbonated beverages became popular in 1832 after …………..an apparatus for charging water with carbon dioxide gas.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. inventing John Mathews
b. invented John Mathews
c. John Mathews inventing
d. John Mathews invented Câu trả lời đúng

Microwaves are used for cooking, telecommunication ………. .

a. and diagnosed medically
b. and to diagnose medically
c. and medical diagnosing
d. and medical diagnosis Câu trả lời đúng

Beginning in the Middle Ages, composers of Western music used a system of notating their compositions………….be performed by musicians.

a. will
b. that Câu trả lời đúng
c. so they could
d. and when to

Beef cattle………….of all livestock for economic growth in certain geographic regions.

a. the most are important
b. that are the most important
c. the most important are
d. are the most important Câu trả lời đúng

Dairy farming is ………….leading agricultural activity in the United States.

a. none
b. at
c. a Câu trả lời đúng
d. then

In its pure state antimony has no important uses, but ………….with other substances, it is an extremely useful metal.

a. it is combined physically and chemically
b. combined when physically or chemically
c. the physical and chemical combination
d. when combined physically or chemically Câu trả lời đúng

Flag Day is a legal holiday only in the state of Pennsylvania, …………. Besty Ross sewed the first American flag.

a. has

b. which
c. where Câu trả lời đúng
d. that

If endangered species ……….saved, rainforests must be protected.

a. will be
b. be
c. are to be Câu trả lời đúng
d. can be

Although thunder and lightning are produced at the same time, light waves travel faster …………., so we see the lightning before we hear the thunder.

a. sound waves

b. do sound waves
c. than sound waves are
d. than sound waves do Câu trả lời đúng

The dawn redwood appears………….some 100 million years ago in northern forests around the world.

a. having to flourish
b. was flourished
c. have flourished
d. to have flourished Câu trả lời đúng

The first American …………..a professional sculptor was a woman, Patience Lovell Wright.

a. who she became
b. became
c. became as
d. to become Câu trả lời đúng

The discovery of the halftone process in photography in 1881 made it ………….photographs in books and newspapers.

a. the possibility of reproducing
b. the possible reproduction
c. possibly reproduced
d. possible to reproduce Câu trả lời đúng

Blood in vessels just under the nasal lining …………up its heat to warm the air.

a. giving
b. gives Câu trả lời đúng
c. it gives
d. is given

……………forms of life, the most varied are the insects.

a. They are all
b. All are
c. Of all Câu trả lời đúng
d. All

“We need better traffic rules.”
“Yes. …………………… wouldn’t be so many accidents”

a. Then it
b. Then they
c. Then
d. Then there Câu trả lời đúng

………….vastness of the Grand Canyon, it is difficult to capture it in a single photograph.

a. Because of the Câu trả lời đúng

b. While the
c. For the
d. The

The shuttle, ………… reusable spacecraft, lifts off like a rocket and lands like an airplane.

a. is a
b. a Câu trả lời đúng
c. which, as a
d. it is a

California, ……….more populous state than any of its Western neighbors, has greater representation in the House.

a. is a
b. that
c. a Câu trả lời đúng
d. it is a

Tears not only …………..foreign substances from the eyes, but also contain chemicals that fight many common pathogens.

a. for washing
b. wash Câu trả lời đúng
c. washing
d. are washing

Art tends to be ……….more after the death of the artist, but most literary works tend to decrease in value when the writer dies.

a. worthy
b. worth u trả lời đúng
c. priceB worthy
d. value

Last Sunday was …………………… that we all went on a picnic.

a. such a beautiful weather
b. so beautiful a day Câu trả lời đúng
c. so beautiful day
d. such beautiful day

I know you are free, ………………… you come and share dinner with us tonight?

a. do
b. wouldn’t Câu trả lời đúng
c. will
d. won’t

There is always disagreement as to ………… is the better student, Mary or John.

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. whom (sai)
b. which (sai)
c. whose
d. who Câu trả lời đúng

 

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