Đọc – Tiếng Anh 5 – EN36

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Đọc – Tiếng Anh 5 – EN36

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Unit1: Crime and punishment

The sons are composers and prize-winning musicians, while Dad makes the instruments. Matthew Rye reports.
Whole families of musicians are not exactly rare. However, it is unusual to come across one that includes not only writers and performers of music, but also an instrument maker.
When South Wales schoolteachers John and Hetty Watkins needed to get their ten-year-old son, Paul, a cello to suit his blossoming talents, they baulked at the costs involved. ‘We had a look at various dealers and it was obvious it was going to be very expensive,’ John says. ‘So I wondered if I could actually make one. I discovered that the Welsh School of Instrument Making was not far from where I lived, and I went along for evening classes once a week for about three years.’
‘After probably three or four goes with violins and violas, he had a crack at his first cello,’ Paul, now 28, adds. ‘It turned out really well. He made me another one a bit later, when he’d got the hang of it. And that’s the one I used right up until a few months ago.’ John has since retired as a teacher to work as a full-time craftsman, and makes up to a dozen violins a year – selling one to the esteemed American player Jaime Laredo was ‘the icing on the cake’.
Both Paul and his younger brother, Huw, were encouraged to play music from an early age. The piano came first: ‘As soon as I was big enough to climb up and bang the keys, that’s what I did,’ Paul remembers. But it wasn’t long before the cello beckoned. ‘My folks were really quite keen for me to take up the violin, because Dad, who played the viola, used to play chamber music with his mates and they needed another violin to make up a string trio. I learned it for about six weeks but didn’t take to it. But I really took to the character who played the cello in Dad’s group. I thought he was a very cool guy when I was six or seven. So he said he’d give me some lessons, and that really started it all off. Later, they suggested that my brother play the violin too, but he would have none of it.’
‘My parents were both supportive and relaxed,’ Huw says. ‘I don’t think I would have responded very well to being pushed. And, rather than feeling threatened by Paul’s success, I found that I had something to aspire to.’ Now 22, he is beginning to make his own mark as a pianist and composer.
Meanwhile, John Watkins’ cello has done his elder son proud. With it, Paul won the string final of the BBC Young Musician of the Year competition. Then, at the remarkably youthful age of 20, he was appointed principal cellist of the BBC Symphony Orchestra, a position he held, still playing his father’s instrument, until last year. Now, however, he has acquired a Francesco Rugeri cello, on loan from the Royal Academy of Music. ‘Dad’s not said anything about me moving on, though recently he had the chance to run a bow across the strings of each in turn and had to admit that my new one is quite nice! I think the only thing Dad’s doesn’t have – and may acquire after about 50–100 years – is the power to project right to the back of large concert halls. It will get richer with age, like my Rugeri, which is already 304 years old.’
Soon he will be seen on television playing the Rugeri as the soloist in Elgar’s Cello Concerto, which forms the heart of the second programme in the new series, Masterworks. ‘The well-known performance history doesn’t affect the way I play the work,’ he says. ‘I’m always going to do it my way.’ But Paul won’t be able to watch himself on television – the same night he is playing at the Cheltenham Festival. Nor will Huw, whose String Quartet is receiving its London premiere at the Wigmore Hall the same evening. John and Hetty will have to be diplomatic – and energetic – if they are to keep track of all their sons’ musical activities over the coming weeks.
What is meant by ‘crack’ in the second paragraph?

a. attempt Câu trả lời đúng
b. plan

c. shock

d. period

What does Paul say about his performance of Elgar’s Cello Concerto?

a. It is typical of his approach to everything he plays.  Câu trả lời đúng
b. It is less traditional than other performances he has given.

c. He considers it to be one of his best performances.

d. Some viewers are likely to have a low opinion of it.

What will require some effort from John and Hetty Watkins?

a. Preventing their sons from taking on too much work.

b. Advising their sons on what they should do next.

c. Reminding their sons what they have arranged to do.

d. Being aware of everything their sons are involved in. Câu trả lời đúng

What does Paul say about the Rugeri cello?

a. The cello his father made may become as good as it.Câu trả lời đúng

b. He was not keen to tell his father that he was using it.

c. His father’s reaction to it worried him.

d. It has qualities that he had not expected.

What does the word “they” in the fourth paragraph refer to?

a. Paul and Huw.

b. Dad and Dad’s mates. Câu trả lời đúng

c. Weeks.
d. Some lessons

What do we learn in the third paragraph about the instruments John has made?

a. He is particularly pleased about what happened to one of them. Câu trả lời đúng

b. His violins have turned out to be better than his cellos.
c. It took him longer to learn how to make cellos than violins.

d. He considers the one used by Jaime Laredo to be the best.

What do we learn about Huw’s musical development?

a. His brother’s achievements gave him an aim. Câu trả lời đúng

b. His parents’ attitude has played little part in it
c. It was slow because he lacked determination
d. . He wanted it to be different from his brother’s

What is meant by ‘diplomatic’ in the last paragraph?

a. tactful Câu trả lời đúng

b. excellent

c. capable

d. confident

Paul first became interested in playing the cello because __.

a. he admired someone his father played music with Câu trả lời đúng

b. he did not want to do what his parents wanted

c. he wanted to play in his father’s group

d. he was not very good at playing the piano

Why did John Watkins decide to make a cello?

a. He felt that dealers were giving him false information.

b. He wanted to avoid having to pay for one. Câu trả lời đúng

c. He was keen to do a course at the nearby school.

d. He wanted to encourage his son Paul to take up the instrument.

Why did John Watkins decide to make a cello?

a. He wanted to avoid having to pay for one. Câu trả lời đúng

b. He wanted to encourage his son Paul to take up the instrument.

c. He felt that dealers were giving him false information.

d. He was keen to do a course at the nearby school.

What is meant by ‘crack’ in the second paragraph?

a. period

b. shock

c. plan

d. attempt Câu trả lời đúng

 Unit 2: Shopping

By the time a child is six or seven she has all the essential avoidances well enough by heart to be trusted with the care of a younger child. And she also develops a number of simple techniques. She learns to weave firm square balls from palm leaves, to make pinwheels of palm leaves or frangipani blossoms, to climb a coconut tree by walking up the trunk on flexible little feet, to break open a coconut with one firm well-directed blow of a knife as long as she is tall, to play a number of group games and sing the songs which go with them, to tidy the house by picking up the litter on the stony floor, to bring water from the sea, to spread out the copra to dry and to help gather it in when rain threatens, to go to a neighboring house and bring back a lighted faggot for the chief’s pipe or the cook-house fire.
But in the case of the little girls all these tasks are merely supplementary to the main business of baby-tending. Very small boys also have some care of the younger children, but at eight or nine years of age they are usually relieved of it. Whatever rough edges have not been smoothed off by this responsibility for younger children are worn off by their contact with older boys.
For little boys are admitted to interesting and important activities only so long as their behavior is circumspect and helpful. Where small girls are brusquely pushed aside, small boys will be patiently tolerated and they become adept at making themselves useful. The four or five little boys who all wish to assist at the important, business of helping a grown youth lasso reef eels, organize themselves into a highly efficient working team; one boy holds the bait, another holds an extra lasso, others poke eagerly about in holes in the reef looking for prey, while still another tucks the captured eels into his lavalava.
The small girls, burdened with heavy babies or the care of little staggerers who are too small to adventure on the reef, discouraged by the hostility of the small boys and the scorn of the older ones, have little opportunity for learning the more adventurous forms of work and play. So while the little boys first undergo the chastening effects of baby-tending and then have many opportunities to learn effective cooperation under the supervision of older boys, the girls’ education is less comprehensive. They have a high standard of individual responsibility, but the community provides them with no lessons in cooperation with one another.
This is particularly apparent in the activities of young people: the boys organize quickly; the girls waste hours in bickering, innocent of any technique for quick and efficient cooperation
It can be inferred that the ‘high standard of individual responsibility’ is

a. developed mainly through child-care duties Câu trả lời đúng

b. taught to the girl before she is entrusted with babies

c. only present in girls

d. weakened as the girl grows older.

Which of the following if true would weaken the author’s contention about ‘lessons in cooperation’ ?
I Group games played by younger girls involve cooperation
II Girls can learn from watching boys cooperating
III Individual girls cooperate with their mothers in looking after babies

a. III only
b. I only
c. I and II only Câu trả lời đúng
d. II only

Which of the following is the best description of the author’s technique in handling her material?

a. Both description and interpretation of observations. Câu trả lời đúng

b. Description of evidence to support a theory.

c. Generalization from a particular viewpoint.

d. Presentation of facts without comment.

It can be inferred that in the community under discussion all of the following are important except…

a. domestic handicrafts
b. formal education  Câu trả lời đúng
c. well-defined social structure

d. fishing skills

Who do the girls or boys work in tean better, according to the passage?

a. Both girls and boys work well.
b. boys  Câu trả lời đúng
c. girls
d. Both girls and boys does not work well.

The expression ‘innocent of’ (in the last paragraph) is best taken to mean

a. unskilled in Câu trả lời đúng

b. uninvolved in

c. unsuited for

d. not guilty of

The word ‘brusquely’ (line 9) most nearly means

a. abruptly Câu trả lời đúng

b. gently

c. quickly

d. nonchalantly

What was boys’ attitude to girls when they worked in team to capture eels?

a. They felt bored
b. Hostile Câu trả lời đúng
c. cheerful
d. They did not show anything.

The primary purpose of the passage with reference to the society under discussion is to…

a. criticize the deficiencies in the education of girls

b. explain some differences in the upbringing of girls and boys Câu trả lời đúng

c. show that young girls are trained to be useful to adults

d. give a comprehensive account of a day in the life of an average young girl

The list of techniques in paragraph one could best be described as…

a. useful social skills Câu trả lời đúng

b. household duties

c. rudimentary physical skills

d. important responsibilities

 Unit 3: Language

I chose a small house on the edge of the city. It was an ideal place for me, because I wanted fresh mountain air, space, privacy, a place where one could feel the presence of ancient gods and the spirits of nature. The house was merely an empty shell, but I chose it because it was on the sunny side of the valley, high enough to have a good view over the town, with sufficient breeze to diminish the occasionally stupefying heat. It took me a good year to make the place inhabitable.
The first thing that I did was to dig out the well at the side of the house, which had caved in on itself and was full of mud and rocks. I was helped in this by a Frenchman named Antoine, a man of considerable culture who had chosen to live here because he was attached to the people, with whom he had arrived in the original immigration. We repaired the walls and the roof of the house, and painted the rooms completely white so that they became suddenly clean, bright, and spacious.
Antoine and I managed, at some danger to ourselves, to install electricity by connecting up a cable to the faltering system invented by a teacher. This man was Professor Luis, who had set up a row of windmills to generate power; this was perfectly adequate for lighting, but was somewhat feeble when high amperage was required, so that the electric cooker that I had flown in by helicopter turned out to be more use as a storage cupboard.
It often happens when setting up a house that one finds quite suddenly that there is an urgent need for some item overlooked during the last expedition. The track down from my house was a deeply pitted one that served as a watercourse each time that it rained, and although I have stabilised it since, it was to begin with only negotiable on foot or by mule, or by Antoine’s ancient three-wheeled tractor. This tractor had been half-buried in the mud of the flood at Chiriguana, but Senor Vivo’s father, who is in fact General Sosa, governor of Cesar, had it dog out and brought in slung under a vast helicopter gunship, at his son’s request. It is commonly said in this country that General Sosa is the only member of the military hierarchy who ever does anything useful.
There was, at the far end of the town, a tienda that sold goods brought in by mule-train from Ipasueno, and so every few days I would find myself rattling and bumping my way to it on Antoine’s formidable old tractor. This shop was owned by a middle-aged couple who left the running of it to their daughter, a girl of twenty or so years whose name was Ena, as I discovered by overhearing the father asking of her the price of a bottle of Ron Cana.
Ena was small and strongly built; usually she wore a plain, faded blue dress, and her feet were always bare. Sometimes I used to think that her head was very slightly too large for her, but she had an appealing and serene face framed by her long black hair. She reminded me forcibly of a Greek girl with whom I had once been in love, for she had the same smooth and soft olive skin, and big brown eyes beneath eyebrows almost heavy enough to meet in the middle. On her forearms were the traces of soft black downy hair, which to be frank, is something that has always driven me crazy, and her fingers were slim and elegant.
The best thing about her, however, was her elfin spirit; she had an air of quiet amusement, an innocent devilry, that gave her the aura of having existed from all eternity, and of being able to see tbe funny side of everything. I perceived that she had a streak of mischief in her, as was to be revealed when I discovered how it was that she had kept me for so long in ignorance
According to the writer, Antoine

a. had recently arrived.

b. liked to keep to himself.

c. painted for a living
d. was a foreigner. Câu trả lời đúng

What attracted the writer to the house?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. the condition it was in
b. where it was located
Câu trả lời đúng

c. how big it was
d. the view it gave of the valley

What criticism of Ena does the writer make?
Chọn một câu trả lời:

a. Her head seemed to be too big. Câu trả lời đúng

b. She never wore shoes.

c. Her eyebrows were too thick.

d. She wasn’t interested in clothes.

How did the writer find out what Ena’s name was?

Chọn một câu trả lời:

a. He heard a customer asking for her.

b. Antoine gave him the information
c. Her father told him when he asked. (sai)

d. Someone mentioned her name.

The writer uses the phrase ‘served as a watercourse’ (Paragraph 4) to show
that the path

Chọn một câu trả lời:

a. had many deep holes.

b. needed to be repaired.

c. was difficult to walk on. 

d. was sometimes flooded. Câu trả lời đúng

Which of the conclusions can be drawn from this passage?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. The place where the writer lives isolates him from nature. Câu trả lời không đúng
b. The writer would like to move to another place
c. The writer is not interested in the people around him.
d. The writer feels happy with the people he has met Câu trả lời đúng

What attitude does the writer have towards Ena?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. The writer has a positive attitude towards her.
Câu trả lời không đúng

b. The writer has an aggressive attitude towards her.
c. The writer has a negative attitude towards her.
d. The writer has a hostile attitude towards her.

What impression does the writer give of the electricity supply?
Chọn một câu trả lời:

a. It only worked when it was windy.

b. It was too dangerous to use.

c. It didn’t always work properly.

d. It was a very reliable system. (sai)

 Unit 4: Health

The restaurant owner John Moore writes about his relationship with his son Gary, the famous TV chef.
I believe everyone’s given a chance in life. My son, Gary, was given his chance with cooking, and my chance was to run a restaurant. When l heard about the opportunity, I rushed over to look at the place. It was in a really bad state. It was perfect for what I had in mind.
Coming into this business made me recall my childhood. l can remember my mother going out to work in a factory and me being so upset because l was left alone. With that in mind, I thought, ‘We want time for family life.’ My wife dedicated herself to looking after the children and did all my accounts, while I ran the business. We lived over the restaurant in those days, and we always put a lot of emphasis on having meals together. It’s paid dividends with our children, Gary and Joe. They’re both very confident. Also, from a very early age they would come down and talk to our regular customers. It’s given both of them a great start in life.
Gary was quite a lively child when he was really small. We had a corner bath, and when he was about seven he thought he’d jump into it like a swimming pool, and he knocked himself out. When he was older he had to work for pocket money. He started off doing odd jobs and by the age of about ten he was in the kitchen every weekend, so he always had loads of money at school. He had discipline. He used to be up even before me in the morning. If you run a family business, it’s for the family, and it was nice to see him helping out.
Gary wasn’t very academic, but he shone so much in the kitchen. By the age of 15 he was as good as any of the men working there, and sometimes he was even left in charge. He would produce over a hundred meals, and from then I knew he’d go into catering because he had that flair. So when he came to me and said, ‘Dad, I’ve got to do work experience as part of my course at school,’ I sent him to a friend of mine who’s got a restaurant.
Gary recently took up playing the drums and now he has his own band. Goodness knows what will happen to the cooking if the music takes off. My advice to Gary would be: if you start chasing two hares, you end up catching neither, so chase the hare you know you’re going to catch. He understood when I said to him: ‘Gary, if you’re going to get anywhere in life, you’ve got to do it by the age of 30. If you haven’t done it by then, it’s too late.
Gary went to catering college at the age of 17, and on his first day he and the other new students – they’re normally complete beginners – were given what’s supposed to be a morning’s work. But within an hour Gary had chopped all his vegetables, sliced all his meats. He’d prepared everything. That’s my son for you! In the end, he was helping other people out.
None of us can believe how successful Gary’s TV cookery series has become. I’m extremely proud of him. I’ve always tried to tell him that if you want something, you’ve got to work jolly hard for it, because no one gives you anything. He’s seen the opportunity he’s been given and grabbed hold of it with both hands. You know, you talk to your children as they grow up, and if they only take in ten per cent of what you’ve told them, you’ve got to be happy with that. The things Gary says, the things he does, I think, well, he must have listened sometimes
“…chase the hare you know you’re going to catch.” in Paragraph 5 means

a. do what you think you can do successfully. Câu trả lời đúng

b. do everything you want.

c. do many things at one time.

d. do one thing at a time

What does “done it” in Paragraph 5 refer to?

a. Dachieved success Câu trả lời đúng

b. caught a hare
c. chosen a profession?
d. lived your life

How did the writer’s childhood influence his own family life?

a. He made sure there was plenty of personal contact. Câu trả lời đúng

b. He realised that the pattern was repeating itself.
c. He encouraged his children to talk to him.

d. He asked his wife to stay at home.

According to his father, what was typical about Gary’s behavior on his first day at college?

a. He impressed those in charge.

b. He helped other people.

c. He performed the task efficiently. Câu trả lời đúng

d. He tried to make his father proud.

As a young boy, Gary…

a. demonstrated a variety of talents
b. was always in trouble.

c. was motivated by money.

d. showed how determined he could be. Câu trả lời đúng

How does his father regard Gary’s upbringing?

a. His encouragement has caused Gary’s success.
b. The family influence on Gary was too strong.

c. Gary has learnt some essential things. Câu trả lời đúng

d. Gary has forgotten important lessons.

How did the writer react to his own big chance?

a. He worried about the problems.
b. He thought the family would suffer.

c. He wondered if he should take it.

d. He saw what could be done. Câu trả lời đúng

What is Gary’s father’s attitude to Gary playing in a band?

a. interested in how he can introduce music into the restaurant.

b. doubtful whether he will have time to improve his technique.

c. concerned that music may interfere with his career . Câu trả lời đúng

d. pleased that he has a hobby he enjoys.

What does the writer mean by ‘paid dividends’ in paragraph 2?

a. brought financial reward

b. allowed money to be saved

c. produced benefits Câu trả lời đúng

d. was worth the suffering

The word “shone” in Paragraph 4 means

a. was helpful

b. was very good Câu trả lời đúng

c. was cheerful

d. was clean

 Unit 5: Media

It would be simple enough to follow him. Roger was a man of habits, and even when his hours of work were irregular he would still take his mid-day meal, whenever he did take it, at Percy’s. Miss Temple found an antique bookshop across the street where, as she was obliged to purchase something for standing so long watching through its window, she is on impulse selected a complete four-volume Illustrated Lives of Sea Martyrs. The books were detailed enough for her to spend the time in the window, apparently examining the books, while actually watching Roger first enter and then, after an hour, exit alone, from the heavy doors across the street.
He walked straight back to his office in the Ministry courtyard. Miss Temple arranged for her purchase to be delivered to the Boniface, and walked back into the street, feeling like a fool. She had re-crossed the square before she convinced herself that she was not so much a fool as an inexperienced observer. It was pointless to watch from outside the restaurant because only from inside could she have discovered whether or not Roger dined alone or with others, or with which particular others – all imponant information.
She had a pretty good feeling that the crime she believed he had committed was not to benefit his work, which meant she was likely to learn nothing from observing his working day. It was after work that any real information would be gathered. Abruptly, she entered a store whose windows were thick with all shapes of luggage, hampers, oilskins, lanterns. telescopes, and a large assortment of walking sticks. She left wearing a ladies’ black travelling cloak, with a deep hood and several well hidden pockets, opera glasses, a leather-bound notebook and an all-weather pencil. Miss Temple then took her tea.
Between cups of tea and two cakes, she made entries in the notebook, summarising her plan and then describing the day’s work so far. That she now had a kind of uniform and a set of tools made everything that much easier and much less about her particular feelings, for tasks requiring clothes and supporting equipment seemed somehow more objective, even scientific, in nature. In keeping with this, she made a point to write her entries in a kind of code. replacing proper names and places with synonyms or word-play that hopefully would not be understood by anyone but herself.
Miss Temple left the tea shop at four o’clock, knowing Roger to leave usually at five, and hired a carriage. She instructed her driver in a low, direct tone of voice, after assuring him he would be well paid for his time, that they would be following a gentleman, most likely in another carriage, and that she would knock on the roof of the coach to indicate the man when he appeared. The driver nodded, but said nothing else. She took his silence to mean that this was a usual enough thing, and felt all the more sure of herself. When Roger appeared, some forty minutes later, she nearly missed him, amusing herself for the moment by peering through the opera glasses into nearby open windows, but a sudden feeling caused her to glance back at the courtyard gates just in time to see Roger, standing in the road with an air of confidence and purpose that took her breath away, flag down a coach of his own. Miss Temple knocked sharply on the roof of the coach. and they were off.
The thrill of the chase, complicated by the nervousness of seeing Roger, was quietly lost when, after the first few turns. it became obvious that Roger’s destination was nowhere more interesting than his own home.
Miss Temple’s excitement at following Roger

a. increased each time she caught sight of him.

b. disappeared when she realised where he was going. Câu trả lời đúng

c. ended when her carriage started following him.

d. turned into boredom after a while.

Miss Temple thought it would be easy to follow Roger because

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. he always ate lunch at a particular location.
Câu trả lời đúng

b. his work schedule never changed.
c. she already knew the schedule of his working day.
d. he always took a break at the same time.

What mistake did Miss Temple soon realise she had made?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. She should have followed Roger back to the Ministry when she had had the chance
b. She needn’t bave made a purchase at the bookshop
c. She had re-crossed the square at the wrong place
d. She had waited for Roger in the wrong place Câu trả lời đúng

Miss Temfple bought a book at the bookshop because

a. she needed an excuse to stay there.Câu trả lời đúng

b. she was forced to by the shop owner.

c. she wanted a way to pass the time.

d. she suddenly felt like buying something.

When Roger left his office at about five o’clock, Miss Temple

a. watched him through her new opera glasses.

b. pretended to be looking into an open window.

c. had a sudden feeling of breathlessness.

d. saw him just before he got into a carriage. Câu trả lời đúng

How did Miss Temple’s purchases make her feel about what she was doing?
Chọn một câu trả lời:

a. less personally involved Câu trả lời đúng

b. more determined (sai)

c. better prepared

d. less confused (sai)

Miss Temple decided to follow Roger after work because

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. she believed that was the time she could find out what she wanted to know.
Câu trả lời đúng

b. she didn’t want to risk him seeing her outside his office.
c. she couldn’t see what he was doing inside his office.
d. she had other, more important things to do during the working day.

What attitude does the writer have towards Roger?

Chọn một câu trả lời:
a. The writer has a hostile attitude towards him.
b. The writer has a normal attitude towards him.
c. The writer has a negative attitude towards him .
d. The writer has a critical attitude towards him
Câu trả lời không đúng

The word ‘this’ in paragraph 5 refers to
Chọn một câu trả lời:

a. banging on the hood of the carriage. (sai)

b. the driver’s silence.

c. being asked to follow someone.

d. paying drivers well for their time.


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